2020-02-19 15:18:23 阅读：608646
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Strengthening unions might also have the knock-on effect of decreasing populism. At least some of the ugliness weve seen this election cycle has been rooted in rising inequality. Meanwhile, about one-third of the recent increase in wage inequality for American males can be attributed to weakening unions, according to research by Harvard and Washington University academics. A separate IMF study found that countries without unions see a 10% increase in the share of income that goes to the highest earners. By contrast, the social benefits of unions stretch across generations. American children of fathers without a college education earn 28% more if their dad was in a labor union, compared to those whose fathers were non-union. In other words, the demise of American unions only about 7% of private sector workers currently belong to one has been a key factor in the rising wealth gap, but also in the sort of horrific, Hobbesian presidential politics weve seen over the past year. (Many economists see the wealth gap as a big reason why we arent enjoying a more sustainable recovery.) The big challenge to revitalizing unions is moving beyond todays system of labor law, which hasnt been updated since 1935. Unions get a bad rap in the U.S. in part because most collective bargaining can be done only at a firm-by-firm level. That creates a race to the bottom away from higher-wage unionized firms. Yet there is a wealth of research that shows that when bargaining can be done at an industry level the way it is in most other countries, including Germany, Sweden, Australia, and Canada, among others you get higher national wages without sacrificing economic competitiveness. Thats because factors like labor representation on corporate boards and the ability to bargain collectively is associated with greater productivity levels, as management and labor are better able to work together to solve problems. (See here for an example of how this helped German companies gain market share against U.S. firms in the wake of the financial crisis.) Such a drastic change wont be easy. Reforming the National Labor Relations Board will require policy action. Legal changes [to collective bargaining structures] have to come first unions simply arent powerful enough right now to drive this change on their own, says Madland. Yet there are already examples at the state and local level that show the potential of a new kind of labor movement. Think about the Fight for $15 movement in various cities, which has helped bolster low-end service pay across industries. Its s2018年四肖期期准 免费 omething that Hillary (fingers crossed) should make a top priority if shes elected. It would help stabilize our economy and our democracy, too. Contact us at email@example.com.